Top 15 Asian Spin Bowlers In Tests Outside Asia

All Test Ratings on the website are from 01/01/1950 onwards. Our ratings are based on conditions and diverse oppositions. Before the above mentioned date, there were primarily only two teams which dominated cricket. Moreover, matches were of unequal length with some ending in 4 days and some being timeless. Post 1950, West Indies and South Africa grew as test teams. Moreover, Asian teams India and Pakistan started improving after 1950 and became compenent at home at least. Performance in Asia and outside Asia are integral to our overall rating. How the rating works is explained in highlighted sections. So, here are the Top 15 Asian Spin bowlers in matches Outside Asia

*Note: All Test Ratings are updated till 2022-07-28

A O A Rating

This rating only include stats of Asian Spin bowlers in matches Outside Asia. The rating is divided into sections to make it easy to understand how it is calculated. Before each section, its criteria is highlighted in bold. Our ratings are dynamic, and as new matches are played, the rating of earlier bowlers may change if current bowlers set new benchmarks.

The Trend Setter

The Trend Setter (TS) is the player which does the best in a criteria. The rating of all other players are calculated as percentage points of TS. Let’s taken an example to understand it:-

  • Let’s assume that Glenn McGrath has taken 500 wkts, which is the highest. This makes him the TS.
  • Another player, say Jason Gillespie, has taken 250 wkts.
  • If the rating is out of 250, McGrath will get the full points (pts), that is 250.
  • The points of Gillespie are calculated as His Wkts/McGrath’s Wkts*250. This comes out to be 125.
  • Thus the formula is (Wkts Taken/Wkts Taken By TS)*Max Points.
  • All ratings are calculated similarly with Wkts being replaced by the Criteria Stat.
  • Obviously, for average the formula is reverased as the lower average is better for a bowler.
  • For Average and Strike Rate, a bowler is eligible to be TS only if he has taken a minimum number of wickets, which are mentioned in the qualificaton.
  • Lastly, it is to be noted that it is not necessary for a TS to be part of the rating as he might have topped in a criteria but not done well in others.

QUALIFICATION


Min Innings 10
Min Wickets (TS AVE SR) 25
The Eras

The first criteria Prolific gives points for wkts taken. We have divided cricket from 1950 onwards into 3 broad eras. This has been done to make it fair for players from earlier era, when less cricket was played, and also for current players, who are in the middle of their careers. Let’s take an example:-

  • Let’s assume Murlidharan has taken 500 wickets, which is the maximum and gives him 250 points.
  • Now, say Underwood in earlier times took 250 wkts, which was the max for his era.
  • If there are no eras, he would get 50% of the pts, that is 125.
  • Instead of that, we reduced 50 pts (according to %age) from the max to arrive at the figure of 200 pts for Underwood.
  • Now, everyone in his era is compared to Underwood and not Murlidharan.
  • So a player who has taken 50 Wkts in Underwood’s era will get (50/250)*200 pts or 40pts.
  • Eras are calculated by MP, which is the mean of the years a player: First Played (FP) and Last Played (LP).

PROLIFIC


Criteria: Points For Wickets Taken

Era 1 MP before 1991
Era 2 MP between 1990 and 2016
Era 3 MP greater than 2015
RANK ERA 1 NAT FP LP MP INNS WKTS RAT
TS BS Bedi IND 1966 1979 1972.5 58 123 210.00
1 BS Bedi IND 1966 1979 1972.5 58 123 210.00
2 EAS Prasanna IND 1962 1978 1970 42 92 157.07
2 BS Chandrasekhar IND 1964 1979 1971.5 38 92 157.07
4 Mushtaq Mohammad PAK 1959 1979 1969 40 51 87.07
RANK ERA 2 NAT FP LP MP INNS WKTS RAT
TS A Kumble IND 1990 2008 1999 92 200 250.00
1 A Kumble IND 1990 2008 1999 92 200 250.00
2 M Muralitharan SL 1992 2010 2001 59 188 235.00
3 Harbhajan Singh IND 1998 2015 2006.5 60 117 146.25
4 Mushtaq Ahmed PAK 1990 2003 1996.5 40 97 121.25
5 Danish Kaneria PAK 2000 2010 2005 41 86 107.50
6 HMRKB Herath SL 1999 2018 2008.5 43 79 98.75
7 Saeed Ajmal PAK 2009 2014 2011.5 24 64 80.00
8 Shakib Al Hasan BAN 2007 2022 2014.5 30 63 78.75
9 Saqlain Mushtaq PAK 1995 2004 1999.5 28 61 76.25
RANK ERA 3 NAT FP LP MP INNS WKTS RAT
TS R Ashwin IND 2011 2022 2016.5 49 87 190.00
1 R Ashwin IND 2011 2022 2016.5 49 87 190.00
2 Yasir Shah PAK 2014 2022 2018 34 71 155.06
C Ave

The Comparative Average (C Ave) for bowlers is calculated by taken into account two factors:-

  • First is the average of batsmen in the decades the bowler played.
  • Second is the average of the opposition batsmen at Home, in Asia or outside Asia; whichever is applicable.
  • The average of the opposing team’s batsmen is also calculated by decades.
  • Higher C Ave suggest that more runs were scored by the batsmen in the above mentioned factors.
  • Thus it was difficult to get Wkts and the bowler will benefit from this.
  • Lower C Ave means the opposite.
R Ave

The Relative Average (R Ave) is calculated using the C Ave. Its formula is (Bowler Ave/C Ave)*A Constant Factor. This constant doesn’t affect the rating as it is the same for everone. If your C Ave is comparatively high, your R Ave will be low; which is better for bowlers. Broadly speaking, the following bowlers will benefit from this system:-

  • Bowlers who have played more in unfavourable conditions.
  • Asian fast bowlers and Non-Asian spin bowlers whereever applicable.
  • Bowlers who have played in an era where the batsmen dominated, like the 2000s
  • Bowlers who have played more against top opposition than weaker teams.
Top Teams (TT)

The R Ave Rating is divided into two parts:-

  • One is Overall which gives points for the overall R Ave.
  • The second part is Against Top Teams, which gives points for R Ave against top teams.
  • Win/Loss Ratio is used to determine top teams.
  • The top teams are calculated by decades.
  • Further, they are divided into In Asia and Outside Asia.
  • To be a top team, the team should be among the top teams in the specific condition (Asia or outside Asia) or among the top teams of the decade overall.
  • A bowler’s performace is counted in TT if he palyed against it in the specific condition and in the specific decade.
  • The Top Teams may be found in the last section of the rating.

CONSISTENT


Criteria: Points For Relative Average

Against All Teams

RANK BOWLER INNS RUNS WKTS AVE C AVE R AVE RAT
TS Abdur Rehman 12 665 29 22.93 37.67 21.31 250.00
1 M Muralitharan 59 4904 188 26.09 37.76 24.18 220.32
2 Saeed Ajmal 24 1766 64 27.59 38.00 25.42 209.60
3 Mushtaq Mohammad 40 1326 51 26.00 35.57 25.59 208.20
4 Shakib Al Hasan 30 1777 63 28.21 37.47 26.35 202.20
5 Mushtaq Ahmed 40 2934 97 30.25 38.73 27.34 194.87
6 BS Chandrasekhar 38 2881 92 31.32 36.23 30.25 176.10
7 R Ashwin 49 3148 87 36.18 41.74 30.34 175.58
8 BS Bedi 58 3901 123 31.72 36.11 30.74 173.32
9 Harbhajan Singh 60 3932 117 33.61 37.46 31.40 169.66
10 HMRKB Herath 43 2942 79 37.24 41.44 31.45 169.37
11 Saqlain Mushtaq 28 2080 61 34.10 37.76 31.61 168.55
12 EAS Prasanna 42 2931 92 31.86 34.95 31.91 166.96
13 A Kumble 92 7040 200 35.20 38.43 32.06 166.18
14 Danish Kaneria 41 3257 86 37.87 40.62 32.64 163.23
15 Yasir Shah 34 3142 71 44.25 41.84 37.02 143.91
C SR And R SR

The Comparative Strike Rate (C SR) and Relative Strike Rate (R SR) for bowlers is calculated using the same method as in C Ave and R Ave with average replaced with SR. Points to note are:-

  • Bowlers from the earlier era benefit from R SR.
  • This is because more balls were taken to get a Wkt back then as batsmen had better defensive technique.
  • Rest of the factors are the same as in R Ave

ATTACKING


Criteria: Points For R SR or Relative Balls/Wkt

RANK BOWLER INNS BLS WKTS SR C SR R SR RAT
TS Wasim Raja 27 1564 26 60.15 91.86 52.39 200.00
1 Mushtaq Mohammad 40 3029 51 59.39 88.73 53.55 195.67
2 Mushtaq Ahmed 40 6314 97 65.09 88.45 58.87 177.97
3 BS Chandrasekhar 38 6202 92 67.41 90.57 59.55 175.95
4 M Muralitharan 59 11476 188 61.04 80.25 60.85 172.18
5 Shakib Al Hasan 30 3826 63 60.73 73.91 65.73 159.39
6 Saeed Ajmal 24 4021 64 62.83 72.70 69.14 151.54
7 EAS Prasanna 42 7174 92 77.98 89.79 69.48 150.80
8 BS Bedi 58 10145 123 82.48 90.61 72.82 143.89
9 Harbhajan Singh 60 7996 117 68.34 74.50 73.39 142.77
10 Danish Kaneria 41 6117 86 71.13 76.93 73.96 141.66
11 Yasir Shah 34 5150 71 72.54 78.20 74.20 141.20
12 A Kumble 92 15139 200 75.70 81.29 74.49 140.65
13 Saqlain Mushtaq 28 4671 61 76.57 79.52 77.04 136.00
14 R Ashwin 49 6616 87 76.05 77.30 78.70 133.14
15 HMRKB Herath 43 6300 79 79.75 77.55 82.27 127.36
BBW

In this criteria, we have taken the top 5 bowling performances by Wkts of a bowler. Best Bowling By Wickets (BBW) is simply the total wickets taken in the 5 innings divided by 5.

BEST BOWLING (WKTS)


Criteria: Points For Wkts Taken In Top 7 Inns

RANK BOWLER 1 2 3 4 5 BBW RAT
TS M Muralitharan 9/65 8/70 7/155 6/39 6/45 7.20 150.00
1 M Muralitharan 9/65 8/70 7/155 6/39 6/45 7.20 150.00
2 A Kumble 8/141 6/53 6/78 6/176 5/84 6.20 129.17
2 EAS Prasanna 8/76 6/94 6/104 6/141 5/32 6.20 129.17
4 BS Chandrasekhar 6/38 6/52 6/52 6/94 6/120 6.00 125.00
5 Mushtaq Ahmed 7/56 6/78 6/78 5/57 5/95 5.80 120.83
5 Yasir Shah 7/94 6/63 6/72 5/71 5/92 5.80 120.83
5 Danish Kaneria 7/168 7/188 5/46 5/125 5/151 5.80 120.83
5 Saeed Ajmal 7/95 6/42 6/96 5/69 5/82 5.80 120.83
9 Harbhajan Singh 7/120 6/63 5/13 5/115 5/138 5.60 116.67
10 HMRKB Herath 8/63 5/79 5/89 5/95 4/49 5.40 112.50
10 Shakib Al Hasan 6/33 6/99 5/70 5/121 5/130 5.40 112.50
10 BS Bedi 6/127 6/226 5/55 5/82 5/89 5.40 112.50
13 Saqlain Mushtaq 7/66 6/46 5/121 4/24 4/48 5.20 108.33
14 R Ashwin 7/83 5/52 4/55 4/62 4/105 4.80 100.00
15 Mushtaq Mohammad 5/28 5/49 5/59 4/50 4/58 4.60 95.83
BBA

In this criteria, we have taken the top 5 bowling performances by Average of a bowler. Best Bowling By Average (BBA) is simply the average of the bowler in the 5 Inns. Only 3+ Wkt performaces are counted in this criteria.

BEST BOWLING (AVE)


Criteria: Points For Average In Top 7 Inns

RANK BOWLER 1 2 3 4 5 BBA RAT
TS M Muralitharan 6/39 5/34 9/65 4/29 6/45 7.07 150.00
1 M Muralitharan 6/39 5/34 9/65 4/29 6/45 7.07 150.00
2 Harbhajan Singh 4/10 5/13 6/63 3/40 3/42 8.00 132.50
3 BS Chandrasekhar 6/38 4/30 6/52 6/52 3/43 8.60 123.26
4 Mushtaq Mohammad 5/28 3/23 5/49 5/59 4/50 9.50 111.58
5 EAS Prasanna 5/32 8/76 4/40 4/44 4/51 9.72 109.05
6 Saqlain Mushtaq 4/24 6/46 7/66 4/48 4/74 10.32 102.71
7 Saeed Ajmal 4/23 6/42 4/51 7/95 5/69 10.77 98.43
8 Mushtaq Ahmed 7/56 3/32 5/57 6/78 6/78 11.15 95.08
9 A Kumble 6/53 3/32 6/78 3/40 3/42 11.67 90.86
10 BS Bedi 3/14 5/55 4/53 4/58 3/44 11.79 89.91
11 HMRKB Herath 8/63 4/49 3/38 3/47 5/79 12.00 88.33
12 Shakib Al Hasan 6/33 4/50 3/39 5/70 6/99 12.13 87.42
13 R Ashwin 5/52 3/35 7/83 4/55 4/62 12.48 84.95
14 Yasir Shah 6/63 6/72 7/94 5/71 4/66 13.07 81.09
15 Danish Kaneria 3/6 5/46 3/36 3/44 7/168 14.29 74.20
UC Rating

The A O A (UC) Rating is the addition of the points of all the above criteria. The rating is out of 1,000. Unfavourable Conditions (UC) is Outside Asia for Spinners and In Asia for Pacers. Favourable Conditions (FC) is the opposite.

RATING


RANK BOWLER PRO CON ATT BBW BBA UC RAT
1 M Muralitharan 235.00 220.32 172.18 150.00 150.00 927.50
2 A Kumble 250.00 166.18 140.65 129.17 90.86 776.85
3 BS Chandrasekhar 157.07 176.10 175.95 125.00 123.26 757.38
4 BS Bedi 210.00 173.32 143.89 112.50 89.91 729.61
5 EAS Prasanna 157.07 166.96 150.80 129.17 109.05 713.05
6 Mushtaq Ahmed 121.25 194.87 177.97 120.83 95.08 710.01
7 Harbhajan Singh 146.25 169.66 142.77 116.67 132.50 707.85
8 Mushtaq Mohammad 87.07 208.20 195.67 95.83 111.58 698.35
9 R Ashwin 190.00 175.58 133.14 100.00 84.95 683.67
10 Saeed Ajmal 80.00 209.60 151.54 120.83 98.43 660.40
11 Yasir Shah 155.06 143.91 141.20 120.83 81.09 642.09
12 Shakib Al Hasan 78.75 202.20 159.39 112.50 87.42 640.26
13 Danish Kaneria 107.50 163.23 141.66 120.83 74.20 607.42
14 HMRKB Herath 98.75 169.37 127.36 112.50 88.33 596.31
15 Saqlain Mushtaq 76.25 168.55 136.00 108.33 102.71 591.85

TOP TEAMS IN ASIA


DECADE OF MAT 1 2 3 4 5 6
1950s AUS WI PAK IND ENG
1960s WI AUS PAK IND ENG SA
1970s PAK ENG IND WI SA AUS
1980s PAK WI ENG NZ AUS
1990s IND PAK SA AUS WI
2000s AUS SL IND PAK SA ENG
2010s IND PAK SL ENG SA AUS
2020s IND PAK AUS ENG NZ SA

TOP TEAMS OUTSIDE ASIA


DECADE OF MAT 1 2 3 4 5 6
1950s AUS ENG WI SA PAK
1960s ENG AUS WI SA NZ
1970s SA ENG WI AUS IND
1980s WI NZ AUS ENG PAK
1990s AUS SA WI PAK ENG
2000s AUS SA ENG IND NZ
2010s SA AUS ENG NZ IND
2020s AUS SA NZ ENG WI IND


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